I have a broad research interest in the relations between science, technology, and industry in nineteenth- and twentieth-century America and Europe. My PhD dissertation, which I am turning into a book, developed a two-pronged focus on the themes of intellectual property and science-related entrepreneurship. Using the career of chemical innovator Leo Baekeland (1863-1944) as a case study, I approached these subjects from a transatlantic perspective. My next project considers the factors that have influenced scientists, inventors, and technology users in deciding whether or not to share innovative knowledge. Concentrating on the development of photographic emulsion research, I will be exploring the consequences of divergent levels of openness for a broad range of individuals and for the organizations of which they were members or employees. I also have a specific interest in the relations between higher educational and research institutions and their economic environments. As part of a recently started, collaborative research initiative on the history of academic entrepreneurship, I will be addressing this topic at both the empirical and the conceptual level.
“Corporate Secrecy and Intellectual Property in the Chemical Industry Through a Transatlantic Lens, c.1860-1930,” Entreprises et Histoire, special issue: “Managing Intellectual Property: Historical Perspectives,” Gabriel Galvez-Behar and Shigehiro Nishimura eds (forthcoming).
“Edward Mallinckrodt Sr.,” in Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The German-American Business Biography, 1720 to the Present. Vol. 3, Giles Hoyt ed., Washington, DC: German Historical Institute, 2015 (available at www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org).
“Plastics,” in Discoveries in Modern Science: Exploration, Invention, Technology, James Trefil ed., 867–70, Farmington Hills: MacMillan, 2015.
“Learning from Entrepreneurial Failure: Leo Baekeland’s Exit from Europe,” Journal of Belgian History 43, 4 (2013): 46-79.
“The Photographic Paper that Made Leo Baekeland’s Reputation: Entrepreneurial Incentives for Not Patenting,” in Knowledge Management and Intellectual Property: Concepts, Actors and Practices from the Past to the Present, Stathis Arapostathis and Graham Dutfield eds, 62-83, Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013.
“Jacob Hasslacher,” in Immigrant Entrepreneurship: The German-American Business Biography, 1720 to the Present. Vol. 3, Giles Hoyt ed., Washington, DC: German Historical Institute, 2013 (available at www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org).
“Leo Baekeland’s Transatlantic Struggle for Bakelite: Patenting Inside and Outside of America,” Technology and Culture 53 (2012): 366-400.